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MARS ANALOG RESEARCH, Volume 111 [detailed content of vol. 111]

Science and Technology Series
Ed. Jonathan D.A. Clarke, 2006, 356p
Invited papers on Mars Analog Research
Hard Cover, plus CD ROM supplement $90, ISBN 0-87703-529-6, member price: $67.50
Soft Cover,  plus CD ROM supplement$65, ISBN 0-87703-530-X, member price: $48.75

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MARTIAN EXPEDITION PLANNING, Volume 107 [detailed content of vol. 107]
Science and Technology Series, Ed. Charles S. Cockell, 2004, 518p
hard cover plus CD ROM, ISBN 0-87703-507-5, Price: $90.00, member price: $67.50
soft cover plus CD ROM, ISBN 0-87703-508-3,  Price: $65.00, member price: $48.75

This volume brings together perspectives of Earth and Mars explorers to consider the surface of Mars from the explorer’s viewpoint. A starting assumption is made that there is already a base on Mars that can support expeditions. Then, the authors describe how they would plan expeditions across Mars, including environmental, psychological and scientific factors that would influence these expeditions. This book, as well as presenting new ideas on the planning of expeditions on Mars, can also be regarded as a field guide for future Martian expeditioners. It provides some of the foundation knowledge for planning expeditions to the Martian volcanoes, poles, deserts and caves. The papers in this book are based on a symposium of the British Interplanetary Society held Feb. 24, 2003, London, England, plus numerous invited papers.

The volume is divided into eight sections: Section 1: weather for Martian expeditions; Section 2: science on Martian expedition; Section 3: expedition challenges on Mars; Section 4: planning tools for expeditions; Section 5: expedition mobility; Section 6: expedition environmental impact; Section 7: expedition human factors; Section 8: expedition medicine. Numerical, author and key word index included.

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Making Mars an Affordable Destination
[detailed content of volume 98]
Science and Technology Series, Ed. Kelly R. McMillen, 2000, 578p
hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-461-3, Price: $80.00, member price: $60.00
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-462-1, Price: $55.00, member price: $41.25

This volume provides a blueprint for manned missions to Mars and a continued presence on the planet’s surface, including what technology is required, and what kinds of precursor missions and experiments are required for this undertaking. Papers which do not appear in full are published as abstracts. These proceedings are based on updated papers which were originally presented at the 6th Case for Mars conference,  held July 17-20, 1996, Boulder, CO.

The volume is divided into six sections:
    Chapter 1: building support for low-cost missions to Mars (Part I: rationale and program management);

    Chapter 1: building support for low-cost missions to Mars (Part II: involving the public sector);

    Chapter 2: essential technology and proposed infrastructure;

    Chapter 3: reducing the cost of precursor missions: science and engineering;

    Chapter 4: designing a habitable planet;

    Chapter 5: working group reports.

Numerical and author index included.
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[detailed content of volume 97]
Science and Technology Series, Ed. Penelope J. Boston, 2000, 564p
hard cover (ISBN 0-87703-459-1) list price: $80.00, member price: $60.00
soft cover (ISBN 0-87703-460-5) list price: $55.00, member price: $41.25

This volume provides a blueprint for manned missions to Mars and a continued presence on the planet’s surface, including what technology is required, and what kinds of precursor missions and experiments are required for this undertaking. Papers which do not appear in full are published as abstracts. These proceedings are based on updated papers which were originally presented at the 5th Case for Mars conference,  held May 26-29, 1993, Boulder, CO.

The volume is divided into six sections:
    Chapter 1: planning for missions to Mars;

    Chapter 2: surface exploration;

    Chapter 3: human missions I: transportation concepts;

    Chapter 4: human missions II: power and fuel systems on Mars;

    Chapter 5: human missions III: terraforming;

    Chapter 6: human missions IV: long-term habitation - Mars base concepts.

Numerical and author index included.

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Temporarily Not Available -
[detailed content of volume 15]
Advances in the Astronautical Sciences, Ed. George W. Morgenthaler, 1963, 634p
hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-016-2, Price: $45.00, member price: $33.75

A few copies of this proceedings, based on a meeting which was held in 1963, are still available. Many pioneers and notables in Mars exploration concepts made presentations at this meeting.
Session topics included
  1. propulsion and orbit concepts for the Mars trip,
  2. vehicle designs for Mars trips, 
  3. Earth return, re-entry: Mars trip guidance, 
  4. life science aspects of Mars trips, 
  5. communication and power supply for Mars trips, 
  6. Mars exploration and missions, 
  7. astronomical data on Mars and evidences of life and 
  8. scientific value of Mars trips.

FROM IMAGINATION TO REALITY: Mars Exploration Studies of the
Journal of the 
British Interplanetary Society, Volumes 91 & 92
   content of volume 91
content of volume 92
Science and Technology Series, A Collection of Articles on the Exploration of Mars (Republished from the Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 1989-1997, selected issues/articles), Ed. Robert M. Zubrin, 1997

Volume 91 (Part I), Precursors and Early Piloted Missions, 388p
hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-426-5, Price: $70.00, sale price: $35.00; member price: $26.00
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-427-3, Price: $45.00, sale price: $22.50; member price: $17.00

Volume 92 (Part II)
, Base Building, Colonization and Terraformation, 376p

hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-428-, Price: $70.00, sale price: $35.00; member price: $26.00
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-429-X, Price: $45.00, sale price: $22.50; member price: $17.00

Volume 91 (Part I): Section I contains 11 articles on precursor missions, including concepts for in situ resource utilization on Mars, sample return missions, in situ propellant production, water vapor adsorption reactor, diborane/CO2 rockets for use in Mars ascent vehicles, pH measurements of the Martian surface, Mars subsurface radar mapper, utilization of Martian atmospheric constituents by temperature swing adsorption, and Athena: a possible first step in a program of human Mars exploration. Section II contains 11 articles on early piloted missions, including human aspects, a day in the life at a Mars base, an Antarctic research outpost as a model for planetary exploration, Mars Direct, exploration strategies and the astronaut’s toolset, heat transfer for an internal combustion engine on Mars, space suits and life support systems for Mars Exploration, practical methods for near-term human exploration of Mars, future habitability of Mars, and footsteps to Mars: an incremental approach to Mars exploration. [detailed content]

Volume 92 (Part II): Section I contains 11 articles on base building, including resources for human settlement, use of regolith resources on Mars, rocket propellants from Martian resources, wind energy resources, Martian resources in a CELSS, Mars Habitation 2057, long range mobility on Mars, design considerations for a Mars solar energy system, polar exploration of Mars, an interplanetary transportation system for delivering large groups of people to Mars, and utility of geothermal power on Mars. Section II contains 8 articles on colonization and terraforming, including economic aspects of Mars colonization, terraforming by use of explosive force, biological aspects of the ecopoeisis and terraformation of Mars, genetic modification and selection of microorganisms for growth on Mars, conceptual solutions to the problem of plant growth in low concentrations of oxygen, environmental ethics and planetary engineering, technological requirements for terraforming Mars and ozone and planetary habitability. [detailed conten]

The International Exploration of Mars, Volumes 89 & 90
content of volume 89
content of volume 90
Science and Technology Series, Ed. Thomas R. Meyer, 1997

Volume 89
, Mission Strategy and Architectures, 790p

hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-418-4, Price: $80.00, sale price: $40.00; member price: $30.00
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-419-2,  Price: $55.00, sale price $27.50; member price: $20.00

Volume 90
, Considerations for Sending Humans, 502p

hard cover (ISBN 0-87703-420-6) list price: $70.00, sale price: $35.00; member price: $26.00
soft cover (ISBN 0-87703-421-4) list price: $45.00, sale price: $22.50; member price: $17.00

These volumes provide a blueprint for manned missions to Mars and a continued presence on the planet’s surface, including what technology is required, and what kinds of precursor missions and experiments are required for this undertaking. Papers which do not appear in full are published as abstracts. These proceedings are based on updated papers which were originally presented at the fourth Case for Mars conference, “The International Exploration of Mars,” held June 4-8, 1990 in Boulder, Colorado.

Volume 89(Mission Strategy and Architectures) is divided into three sections: Part I, making the international case for Mars, includes chapters on space policy and international cooperation/international science objectives; Part II, mission strategy, includes chapters on philosophy, planning, architectures, infrastructure and engineering; Part III, technical considerations for getting to Mars, includes chapters on robotic and precursor missions, transportation systems and spacecraft, and advanced propulsion. Numerical and author index included for both volumes. [detailed content]

Volume 90 (Considerations for Sending Humans) is divided into three sections: Part I, considerations for sending humans, includes chapters on communications and robotic versus human presence and radiation; Part II, living on Mars, includes chapters on in situ resource utilization, habitability and life support, and Mars base and infrastructure; Part III, social perspectives, discusses Mars habitability and analogs. Numerical and author index included for both volumes.  [detailed content]


content of volume 86
Science and Technology Series, Ed. Carol R. Stoker, Carter Emmart, 1996, 644p
hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-405-2, Price: $70.00, member price: $52.50
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-406-0, Price: $45.00, member price: $33.75

This volume consists of 26 chapters, each prepared by a qualified individual(s) on a topic of his/her expertise. Anyone wanting a concise review of an all-around Mars exploration strategy will find this book of interest. Included are six chapters on making the case for Mars, six chapters on getting to Mars: interplanetary transportation issues, four chapters on living in space: the human element, five chapters on living and working on Mars, two chapters on science on Mars and two chapters on costs and benefits of Mars exploration. Numerical and author index included.


THE CASE FOR MARS I,   Volume 57
content of volume 57
Science and Technology Series, Ed. Penelope J. Boston, 1984, Second Printing 1987, 348p
Microfiche Only,
ISBN 0-87703-198-3, Price: $25.00, member price: $18.75

Volume 57 is based on the first Case for Mars conference held April 29 to May 2, 1981, Boulder, Colorado. Topics included are mission strategy, spacecraft design, life support, surface activities and materials processing, and social and political aspects.

[detailed contents]


content of volume 62
Science and Technology Series, Ed. Christopher P. McKay, 1985, 2nd Printing 1988, 730p
hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-219-1, Price: $60.00,sale price: $30.00, member price: $22.50
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-220-3, Price: $40.00,sale price: $20.00, member price: $15.00.

Volume 62, based on material derived from the second Case for Mars conference held July 10-14, 1984 in Boulder, Colorado contains sections on national and international aspects, precursor missions, science, Earth-Mars delivery systems, Mars surface technology, utilizing Martian resources, and human factors.

[detailed contents]


THE CASE FOR MARS III, Strategies for Exploration, Volumes 74 & 75
content of volume 74
content of volume 75
Science and Technology Series, Ed. C.R. Stoker, 1989

Volume 74,
General Interest and Overview, 744p

hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-303-X, Price:$75.00, sale price: $37.50, member price: $28.00
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-304-8, Price:$55.00, sale price: $27.50, member price: $20.00

Volume 75, Technical, 646p
hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-305-6, Price: $70.00, sale price: $35.00, member price: $26.00
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-306-4, Price: $50.00, sale price: $25.00, member price: $19.00

These volumes provide a blueprint for manned missions to Mars and a continued presence on the planet’s surface, including what technology is required, and what kinds of precursor missions and experiments are required for this undertaking.

Volumes 74 & 75 are based on material derived from the third Case for Mars conference, “Strategies for Exploration”, held July 18-22, 1987 in Boulder, Colorado. Volume 74 includes general interest and overview papers on (1) making the political case for Mars, (2) considerations for sending humans to Mars, (3) technical considerations for getting to Mars, and (4) living on Mars. Volume 75 consists of technical papers on (1) political and social issues, (2) issues for sending humans to Mars, (3) technical issues for getting to Mars, (4) living on Mars, and (5) workshop summaries.


 contents of volume 71
Science and Technology Series, Ed. Duke B. Reiber, 1988, 554p plus color section incl. 7 foldouts
hard cover, ISBN 0-87703-293-9, Price: $50.00,sale price: $25.00, member price: $19.00
soft cover, ISBN 0-87703-294-7, Price:$30.00,sale price: $15.00, member price: $11.00.

Extensively updated since the conference. Covers;

  1. Our current knowledge and understanding of Mars: history, geology, volcanism, channels, moons, atmosphere, meteorology, water and other volatiles, biological and life questions;
  2. Present and future unmanned exploration: 1988-89 Soviet Phobos mission, Mars Observer (mission and science), Mars aeronomy, seismic network, Mars sample return (mission and science), and Mars rover concept;
  3. Engineering issues and options for manned exploration: pathways, scenarios, transportation, technologies, and
  4. Human dimensions: human factors, life support, living and working on Mars. Overview by Thomas O. Paine. Keynote by James C. Fletcher. Numerous illustrations.
  5. Index.

Discount and Ordering Information
Discounts: Individual members of the AAS, AIAA, BIS, DGLR, NSS, SSI, USSF, The Planetary Society, The Mars Society or of any IAF Society may take the member price discount. Please indicate which organization you are a member of when using the member price rates.

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Volume 91, AAS Science and Technology Series, Part I: Precursors and Early Piloted Missions
  • Page 
  • Foreword vii 
  • Preface ix 
  • Concepts for In-Situ Resource Utilization on Mars: A Personal Historical Perspective (AAS 97-351), J. R. French 3 
  • Mars Multi-Sample Return Mission (AAS 97-352), Evgeny Ya. Shafirovich and Udo I. Goldshleger  9 
  • Report on the Construction and Operation of a Mars In Situ Propellant Production Unit (AAS 97-353), Robert M. Zubrin, Steve Price, Larry Mason and Larry Clark 19 
  • Mars In Situ Propellant Technology Demonstrator Mission (AAS 97-354), A. P. Bruckner, B. Thill, S. Anderson, D. Pasco and C. Willman 37 
  • Design of a Water Vapor Adsorption Reactor for Martian In Situ Resource Utilization (AAS 97-355), John D. Williams, Steven C. Coons and Adam P. Bruckner 59 
  • Diborane/CO2 Rockets for Use in Mars Ascent Vehicles (AAS 97-356), Robert M. Zubrin 75 
  • Measurement of the pH of the Martian Surface (AAS 97-357), M. R. Sims and A. A. Mills 83 
  • Mars Subsurface Radar Mapper (AAS 97-358), David T. Chappell 91 
  • Mars Sample Return Mission With ISPP (AAS 97-359), K. R. Sridhar 113 
  • Utilization of Martian Atmosphere Constituents by Temperature-Swing Adsorption (AAS 97-360), John E. Finn, K. R. Sridhar and Christopher P. McKay 127 
  • Athena: A Possible First Step in a Program of Human Mars Exploration (AAS 97-361), Robert M. Zubrin 143 
  • Exploration of Mars: The Human Aspect (AAS 97-362), V. Garshnek 153 
  • A Day in the Life at Mars Base 1 (AAS 97-363), Benton C. Clark 181 
  • An Antarctic Research Outpost as a Model for Planetary Exploration (AAS 97-364), D. T. Andersen, C. P. McKay, R. A. Wharton, Jr. and J. D. Rummel 199 
  • Crew Support for an Initial Mars Expedition (AAS 97-365), Yvonne A. Clearwater and Albert A. Harrison 211 
  • Mars Direct: Combining Near-Term Technologies to Achieve a  Two-Launch Manned Mars Mission (AAS 97-366), David A. Baker and Robert M. Zubrin 225 
  • Exploration Strategies and the Astronaut's Toolset (AAS 97-367), Robert C. Boyd and Benton C. Clark 241 
  • Heat Transfer From an Internal Combustion (Otto-Cycle) Engine on the Surface of Mars (AAS 97-368), Owen Gwynne 257 
  • Space Suits and Life Support Systems for the Exploration of Mars (AAS 97-369), Lawrence H. Kuznetz and Owen Gwynne 267 
  • Practical Methods for Near-Term Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 97-370), Robert M. Zubrin and David B. Weaver 289 
  • Exploration of the Future Habitability of Mars (AAS 97-371), Martyn J. Fogg 317
  • Footsteps to Mars: An Incremental Approach to Mars Exploration (AAS 97-372), Geoffrey A. Landis 339 
  • Publications of the American Astronautical Society 353 
  • Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  354 
  • Science and Technology Series 361 
  • AAS History Series 367 
INDEX 369 
  • Numerical Index (Volumes 91 and 92, Science and Technology Series 371 
  • Author Index (Volumes 91 and 92, Science and Technology Series 375 

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Volume 92, AAS Science and Technology Series, Part II: Base Building, Colonization and Terraformation
  • Page 
  • Foreword vii 
  • Preface ix 
  • The Resources of Mars for Human Settlement (AAS 97-373), Thomas R. Meyer and Christopher P. McKay 3 
  • Survival and Prosperity Using Regolith Resources on Mars (AAS 97-374), Benton C. Clark 31 
  • Rocket Propellants From Martian Resources (AAS 97-375), J. R. French 43 
  • Wind Energy: A Resource for a Human Mission to Mars (AAS 97-376), Henry W. Haslach, Jr. 53 
  • Use of Martian Resources in a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) (AAS 97-377), David T. Smernoff and Robert D. MacElroy 71 
  • Mars Habitation 2057: Concept Design of a Mars Settlement in the Year 2057 (AAS 97-378), Yoji Ishikawa, Takaya Ohkita and Yoji Amemiya  83 
  • Long Range Mobility on Mars (AAS 97-379), Robert M. Zubrin 99 
  • Design Considerations for a Mars Solar Energy System (AAS 97-380), David H. Atkinson and Owen Gwynne 117 
  • The Polar Exploration of Mars (AAS 97-381), C. S. Cockell 139 
  • An Interplanetary Transportation System for Delivering Large Groups of People to Mars (AAS 97-382), Gary A. Allen, Jr. 161 
  • The Utility of Geothermal Energy on Mars (AAS 97-383), Martyn J. Fogg 187 


  • Terraforming Mars With Four War-Surplus Bombs (AAS 97-384), Robert Alan Mole 231 
  • The Economic Viability of Mars Colonization (AAS 97-385), Robert M. Zubrin 239 
  • Biological Aspects of the Ecopoeisis and Terraformation of Mars: Current Perspectives and Research (AAS 97-386), David J. Thomas 257 
  • Genetic Modification and Selection of Microorganisms for Growth on Mars (AAS 97-387), Julian A. Hiscox and David J. Thomas 265 
  • Terraforming Mars: Conceptual Solutions to the Problem of Plant Growth in Low Concentrations of Oxygen (AAS 97-388), Martyn J. Fogg 283 
  • Environmental Ethics and Planetary Engineering (AAS 97-389), D. MacNiven 303 
  • Technological Requirements for Terraforming Mars (AAS 97-390), Robert M. Zubrin and Christopher P. McKay 309 
  • Ozone and the Habitability of Mars (AAS 97-391), Julian A. Hiscox and Bernhard Lee Lindner 327 


  • Publications of the American Astronautical Society 341 
  • Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  342 
  • Science and Technology Series 349 
  • AAS History Series 355 

  • Numerical Index 359 

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Volume 89, AAS Science and Technology Series,  Mission Strategy and Architectures
  • Page 
  • Foreword xvii 
  • Mars Overview Meeting Summary xxii 
  • Prologue.  The Rationale for Mars and Lessons from Apollo (AAS 90-318), Thomas O. Paine xxv 
Chapter 1.  Space Policy 3
  • The National Research Council's Review of NASA's 90-Day Study, "Human Exploration of Space" (AAS 90-289), JoAnn Clayton 5 
  • Productivity Influences on Planetary Landing Dates (AAS 90-290), Humboldt C. Mandell, Jr. 11 
  • Why Private Firms Can't Commit to Mars Projects:  Impediments to Private Sector Participation in High Risk Ventures (AAS 90-291), Mike H. Ryan 21 
  • Marketing and Legislation in Outer Space for Martian Resources (AAS 90-293), James J. Hurtak 29 
Chapter 2.  International Cooperation/International Science Objectives 49 
  • An Overview of ESA Scientific Interest in Mars Exploration (AAS 90-150), Philippe Masson 51 
  • A Manned Mars Exploration Program as a Human Endeavor (AAS 90-170), F. M. Friedlaender 53 
  • International Human Expeditions to Mars¾Suggestions and Mechanisms (AAS 90-172), Otto Steinbronn and Bruce M. Cordell 59 
  • A Near-Term Incremental Strategy for US/USSR Manned Spaceflight Cooperation (AAS 90-174), James E. Oberg 71 
  • The French Near Term Activities on Mars Exploration (AAS 90-164), D. J. P. Moura and J. Runavot 79 
  • Continuation of the Search for the Modern Life on Mars on Future Soviet Missions (AAS 90-155), M. V. Ivanov 83 
  • Interface Standardization:  A Jump Start to International Space Exploration (AAS 90-175), Alan J. Willoughby 97 
  • Workshop on International Cooperation (AAS 90-259), Gerda Horneck 105 
  • ESA Activities Related to Future Mars Exploration (AAS 90-162) (Abstract), A. F. Chicarro 111 
  • Overview of the Space Exploration Initiative (AAS 90-163) (Abstract), Douglas A. O'Handley 113 
  • Interest in Mars Exploration in India (AAS 90-165) (Abstract), C. T. Vanajakshi 114 
  • Global Exploration of Mars Through Multinational Teamwork (AAS 90-171) (Abstract), Alan J. Willoughby 115 
  • Mars Balloon - A Lesson in International Mission and Systems Analysis (AAS 90-173) (Abstract), Louis D. Friedman 116 
  • An Assessment of the Habitability of Mars (AAS 90-313) (Abstract), Christopher P. McKay 117 
  • An Overview of Soviet Scientific Interest in Mars Exploration (AAS 90-151) (Abstract), L. M. Mukhin 118 
  • Science Strategy for Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 90-152) (Abstract), Carol R. Stoker 119 
  • International Mars Forum in Japan and a Plan for Japanese Mars Exploration (AAS 90-153) (Abstract), Takafumi Matsui 120 
Chapter 3.  Philosophy 121 
  • An Architectural Approach Towards the Unmanned Exploration of Mars (AAS 90-176), Robert R. Cleave and Tom Heinsheimer 123  A Heuristic Approach to Infrastructure Development and the Space Exploration Initiative (AAS 90-177), Matthew Fisk Marshall 137 
  • "If We're Going to Mars, Why Stop at the Moon?" (AAS 90-179), Ed Repic, Ron Jones, Greg Skruch and John Kehrbaum 149 
Chapter 4.  Planning 159 
  • Programmatic Hierarchies for Space Exploration (AAS 90-190), Brent Sherwood 161 
  • A Requirements Analysis Approach to Placing an Initial Expedition on Mars by 2010 (AAS 90-192), Henry R. Sterner 179 
  • A Participatory Planning Alternative for Mars Mission Design (AAS 90-180), Marc M. Cohen 203 
  • Space System Architecture Code:  A Tool for Planetary Mission Design (AAS 90-194), John Blandino, Darrell Jan and Bryan Palaszewski  221 
  • The Constructibility of Space Exploration Initiative Designs (AAS 90-252), Brent Helleckson and Steve Jolly 245 
  • Martian Exploration and the Triple Constraint (AAS 90-292), Malcolm A. LeCompte 257 
  • A Goal and Strategy for Human Exploration of the Moon and Mars (AAS 90-178) (Abstract), Donna Shirley Pivirotto 271 
Chapter 5.  Architectures, Infrastructure  and Engineering 273 
  • Mars Direct: A Simple, Robust, and Cost Effective Architecture for the Space Exploration Initiative (AAS 90-168), Robert M. Zubrin, David A. Baker and Owen Gwynne  275 
  • Mars 2000 - Why Wait? A Manned Mars Mission Concept Achievable by the Year 2000 (AAS 90-185), R. P. Reinert and M. A. Crouch 315 
  • A Straight-Arrow Approach for the Near-Term Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 90-166) (Abstract), Benton C. Clark 333 
  • Case for Mars II Architecture:  Direct to a Mars Base (AAS 90-167) (Abstract), Jim French 335 
  • The Great Exploration:  A Technology Development and Demonstration Program (AAS 90-169) (Abstract), R. A. Hyde, M. Y. Ishikawa, S. D. Nozette, M. Rendine and L. L. Wood 336 
  • Major Components of a Human Base on Mars (AAS 90-181) (Abstract), Owen Gwynne and Christopher P. McKay 337 
  • Starcraft Incentive Exploration (AAS 90-182) (Abstract), Buzz Aldrin 338 
  • Space Transportation Systems for Settlement of Mars (AAS 90-183) (Abstract), Gordon R. Woodcock 340 
  • Synthesis of a Space Infrastructure (AAS 90-186) (Abstract), Ronald M. Jones 341 
  • Proposed Concept for a Manned Mars Mission (M3) Program (AAS 90-187) (Abstract), Douglas Seitz, Jeff Danalek, Joe Filbert, Will McCarthy, Dave Philipp, Mark Schloesslin, Jon Schulz and Gus Thomason 342 
  • Mars on a Budget (AAS 90-188) (Abstract), Charles Edward Smith, Jr. 344 
  • The Importance of the Martian Satellites in a Martian System (SEI) Development Strategy (AAS 90-189) (Abstract), Chad Goodman, David Steller and Ron Jones 345 
  • A Mission Planning and System Integration Model for a Manned Mission to Mars (AAS 90-191) (Abstract), Curt Bilby 347 
  • A Plan for the Manned Explorations of Mars (AAS 90-193) (Abstract), Michael A. Minovitch 348 
  • The Development of a Resource Allocation Strategy for an Integrated Space Exploration Plan (AAS 90-195) (Abstract), Janet Gleave 349 
  • The Columbus Project (AAS 90-196) (Abstract), Bill Wedel 350 
  • Candidate Power Systems to Support Advanced Lunar and Mars Exploration (AAS 90-248) (Abstract), Vernon R. Larson 351 
  • Power System Commonality Considerations for NASA's Lunar and  Mars Initiative (AAS 90-249) (Abstract), Lee S. Mason, Robert L. Cataldo and Daniel G. Soltis 354 
  • Ultrahigh Temperature Nuclear Power MHD Concepts for Space Applications (AAS 90-245) (Abstract), S. Anghaie, E. T. Dugan, I. Maya, and N. J. Diaz  357 
  • Mars Mission Enhancements Made Possible With a Beam-Power System (AAS 90-246) (Abstract), Judith Ann Bamberger 358 
Chapter 6.  Robotic and Precursor Missions 361 
  • Information from Robotic Missions and the Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 90-212), Roger D. Bourke and Robert N. Mostert 363 
  • Exploring Mars by Balloon:  Results of GCM Simulations (AAS 90-215), J. B. Dalton and J. B. Pollack 373 
  • Snakerope Studies for the Mars 1994 Mission (AAS 90-216), Craig B. Christensen, Andrew L. Shumway, Brian G. Williams,Frank J. Redd and James N. Cantrell 399 
  • Mars Global Network Mission Lander Concept (AAS 90-225), Robert N. Mostert 415 
  • Mission Design for the Mars Global  Network Mission (AAS 90-230), Philip C. Knocke 425 
  • Field Geology Tools for a Manned Mars Mission (AAS 90-256), Robert C. Boyd, R. Briggs Cunningham, Claire M. MacLeod,Larry W. Mason and Michael G. Thornton 441 
  • Martian Regolith Sample Studies:  Lessons from the Acquisition and Analysis of Lunar Cores (AAS 90-226), Judith H. Allton and David S. McKay 459 
  • Robotic In Situ Science Technology for Mars (AAS 90-228), Brian Muirhead and Carlos Moreno 479 
  • Unique Soil Sampling System for Mars Penetrator (AAS 90-229), James R. Bilodeau, Christopher W. Byrne, Stephen J. Caravellaand Kristin C. Schad 491 
  • Foreign Soil:  Packaging Rocks from Mars (AAS 90-307), Earl Don Robinson II, Diana Twede and Gary Burgess 501 
  • MARSNET - A Concept of a Network of Small Mars Surface Stations (AAS 90-213) (Abstract), George E. N. Scoon 513 
  • Science Strategy for Robotic Missions to Mars (AAS 90-214) (Abstract), Matthew Golombek 514 
  • Dynamics of a Mars Surface Contacting Balloon/Payload System(AAS 90-217) (Abstract), Frank J. Redd and James N. Cantrell 515 
  • Volatile-Laden Martian Regolith Sealed in a Container: Using Martian and Terrestrial Sorbents to Manage Pressures (AAS 90-218) (Abstract), J. H. Allton 516 
  • Mars 1994 International Balloon Mission (AAS 90-219) (Abstract), Craig B. Christensen, J. Layne Larsen, Andrew L. Shumway, Brian G. Williams and Frank J. Redd 518 
  • Mission Engineering for the Mars Observer Mission (AAS 90-221) (Abstract), Suzanne R. Dodd 519 
  • Assessment and Selection of Martian Penetrator and Balloon Sites (AAS 90-223) (Abstract), James W. Rice, Jr., David A. Williams and Nathan Bridges 520 
  • Robotic Missions to Phobos (AAS 90-224) (Abstract), T. Iwata 522 
  • The Mars Egg:  A Combined Reentry Device and Surface Analyzer (AAS 90-231) (Abstract), Gregg Simon, Mark Tobias, Karina Wiese, and Mike Fisher 523 
  • An Overview of the Mars Rover Sample Return Mission (AAS 90-184) (Abstract), Stephen Bailey 524 
  • Alternative Concepts for Mars Sample Return Missions (AAS 90-227) (Abstract), Stephen Bailey 525 
  • Step by Step Approach to Exobiological Research on Mars (AAS 90-154) (Abstract), G. Horneck and C. Lindberg 526 
  • Identification of Chemical Traces of Life on Mars: A Reappraisal of the Sampling Aspect (AAS 90-156) (Abstract), M. Schidlowski 527 
  • Martian Paleolakes and Waterways: Exobiological Implications (AAS 90-159) (Abstract), David H. Scott, James W. Rice, Jr. and James M. Dohm 528 
  • Mars Sample Acquisition for Biology:  A Call to Arms for Diggers, Drillers, Pokers, and Haulers (AAS 90-157) (Abstract), Penelope J. Boston 529 
  • Evaporitic Salt Crusts:  A Martian's Oasis or Last Refuge (AAS 90-158) (Abstract), Lynn J. Rothschild and Rocco L. Mancinelli 530 
  • The Early Subsurface Hydrologic Evolution of Mars (AAS 90-160) (Abstract), S. M. Clifford 531 
  • ERA, A Facility to Simulate Martian UV-Climate (AAS 90-161) (Abstract), C. Lindberg and G. Horneck 533 
  • Using Robots to Support Human Exploration (AAS 90-311) (Abstract), Michael Sims and Nancy Sliwa 534 
Chapter 7.  Transportation Systems and  Spacecraft 535 
  • Autonomous Hazard Detection and Avoidance Sensor Concepts for Spacecraft Landing (AAS 90-234), Peter Tchoryk, Jr., Kurt Gleichman, Dwayne Carmer, Yuji Moritaand Milton Trichel 537 
  • Small Spacecraft Design for Mars Precursor Missions (AAS 90-235), Walter K. Daniel and John Kracht 553 
  • Small Spacecraft to the Planets (AAS 90-238), Robert E. Becker 561 
  • System Design of a Mars Ascent Vehicle (AAS 90-239), Scott Alan Geels 579 
  • Low Earth Orbit Nodes for Support of Exploration Missions--History and Current Thinking (AAS 90-240), Martin J. Kaszubowski and William M. Cirillo  599 
  • A Universal Orbital Docking and Berthing System (AAS 90-321), Oliver P. Harwood and Rex W. Ridenoure 613 
  • Atlas Centaur Upper Stages as an on Orbit Resource (AAS 90-317), C. Flint Webb 631 
  • Aerocapture Strategies for Mars Robotic Spacecraft (AAS 90-232) (Abstract), Stephen Bailey 637 
  • Entry and Landing Strategies for the Mars Rover Sample Return Mission (AAS 90-233) (Abstract), Mark Geyer 638 
  • A Single-Launch Mars Surface Sample Return Mission Using In Situ Propellant Production (AAS 90-236) (Abstract), Douglas Jones 639 
  • Report on Space Transportation Infrastructure Study (AAS 90-241) (Abstract), Douglas A. Comstock 640 
  • Design of a Modified Interplanetary Assembly (AAS 90-242) (Abstract), L. G. Lemke and M. A. Smith 641 
  • Allemande: Using Rotating Tethers With Cycling Spacecraft to Support Mars Operations (AAS 90-243) (Abstract), Bruce A. Mackenzie 642 
  • Earth-Moon Cycling Transportation Node for Missions to Mars(AAS 90-244) (Abstract), Eric L. Dahlstrom and Jennifer L. Avery 644 
Chapter 8.  Advanced Propulsion 645 
  • Solar Thermal Propelled Spacecraft for Mars Cargo Missions (AAS 90-198), M. W. Beall, R. J. Teeter, T. N. Tran and A. P. Bruckner 647 
  • A Case for Mars:  A Case for Nuclear Thermal Rockets (AAS 90-202), J. E. Neuman, D. H. Van Haaften, and W. W. Madsen 671 
  • Metallized Propellants for the Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 90-203), Bryan Palaszewski 677 
  • Mars Manned Fusion Spaceship (AAS 90-207), James Hedrick, Brent Buchholtz, Paul Ward, Jim Frueh, and Eric Jensen 699 
  • The Liquid Annular Reactor System (LARS) Propulsion (AAS 90-208), George Maise, Otto Lazareth, Fred Horn, James Powell, Hans Ludewig and Roger Lenard 709 
  • A Uranium-Mist Based Nuclear Space Propulsion System (AAS 90-197) (Abstract), S. Anghaie 717 
  • Using Lunar LOX to Conduct Mars Missions (AAS 90-199) (Abstract), Chuck Hepburn, Greg Skruch and John Kehrbaum  718 
  • Nuclear Rocket Propulsion Technology Status (AAS 90-200) (Abstract), William L. Kirk 719 
  • Propulsion for Rapid Transit Between Earth and Mars (AAS 90-201) (Abstract), H. D. Froning and Dr. Franklin B. Mead, Jr. 720 
  • High Energy Density Materials for Space Propulsion (AAS 90-205) (Abstract), M. LeCompte and M. Rosenkrantz and D. Konowslow  721 
  • Component Shielding Requirements for Mars Mission (AAS 90-206) (Abstract), E. C. Selcow, M. Todosow, H. Ludewig, O. Lazareth and R. J. Cerbone 722 
  • Particle Bed Reactor Engine Cycle Analysis (AAS 90-209) (Abstract), Timothy J. Lawrence and Ralph J. Cerbone 723 
  • Preliminary Design Considerations of Two Particle Bed Propulsion Reactors Suitable for Missions to Mars (AAS 90-210) (Abstract), O. Lazareth, S. Mughabghab, K. Perkins, E. Schmidt, E. Selcow, H. Ludewig and J. Powell 724 
  • Method for Carrying Out Particle Bed Reactor Size and Mass Estimates (AAS 90-211) (Abstract), S. Mughabghab, O. Lazareth, E. Schmidt, G. Maise, F. Horn, H. Ludewig and J. Powell 725 
  • Publications of the American Astronautical Society 729
  • Numerical Index 745 
  • Author Index 754 

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Volume 90, AAS Science and Technology Series, Considerations for Sending Humans
  • Page 
  • Foreword xiii 
  • Mars Overview Meeting Summary xviii 
  • Prologue.  The Rationale for Mars and Lessons from Apollo (AAS 90-318), Thomas O. Paine xxi 
Chapter 1.  Communications 1
  • Providing Adaptability in Mars Exploration Computer Support (AAS 90-305), Ned Chapin 3 
  • Mars Missions Telecommunications Challenges (AAS 90-302), David J. Bell and Mark A. Bobb 17 
  • Communications Needs for Mars Exploration: Operational Implications (AAS 90-303), Michael A. Jordan, Eric O. Basques, and Patricia E. Gould 29 
Chapter 2.  Robotic Versus Human Presence  41 
  • Orbital Assembly and Constructability Considerations of Candidate Manned Mars Spacecraft (AAS 90-308), George W. Morgenthaler and Mark D'Amara 43 
  • Optimal Constructor Selection for Mars Exploration Mission Construction Projects (AAS 90-309), Richard J. Johnson and George W. Morgenthaler  69 
  • DYCAM I:  A Computer Aided Tool for the Engineering and On-Orbit Construction of Mars Spacecraft (AAS 90-310), George W. Morgenthaler and Herb Schroeder  81 
Chapter 3.  Radiation 99 
  • The Radiation Show-Stopper to Mars Missions:  A Solution (AAS 90-273), Benton C. Clark and Larry W. Mason 101 
  • INC Model Calculation of P + 56Fe Reaction Charge and Mass Changing Cross Sections Below 2 Gev (AAS 90-220), M. Divadeenam and T. E. Ward 115 
  • Radioactive Nuclide Production in Stony Meteorites Exposed to 200 MeV Proton Irradiation (AAS 90-222), Stephen Lakatos, Emanuel P. Manche, Martin S. Spergel, Mundrathi Divadeenam and Thomas E. Ward 123 
  • Human Radiation Dose Received During a Manned Mars Mission(AAS 90-275), O. W. Lazareth, M. Divadeenam, H. Ludewig, M. S. Spergel, S. Mughabghab, E. C. Selcow, T. E. Ward and J. R. Powell 139 
Chapter 4.  In Situ Resource Utilization 147 
  • Extracting Water from the Martian Soil Using Microwaves (AAS 90-297), Owen Gwynne and Christopher P. McKay 149 
  • Regolith as Propellant for Mars Mission (AAS 90-204), Brian Tillotson 155 
  • Project Minerva:  A Low Cost Manned Mars Mission Based on Indigenous Propellant Production (AAS 90-315), Adam P. Bruckner, Kelly Caviezel, Todd Daggert,  Mike Folkers, Mark Fornia, Steven Hamling, Bryan Johnson, Martin Kalberer, Mike Machula, Kevin Mahn, Leslie McCullough, Clint Schneider and Vincent Westmark 169 
  • Novel Propellants Derived from Atmospheric CO2 on Mars (AAS 90-320), Geoffrey A. Landis 193 
  • EXOFUEL:  Martian Propellants for the Human Exploration Initiative(AAS 90-294) (Abstract), Bruce M. Cordell, Christopher R. Cassell, Sam L. Wagner and Anthony Zuppero 199 
  • Martian Ice:  Science Issues, Resource Exploration, and Preparations for Base Siting (AAS 90-295) (Abstract), J. S. Kargel, R. G. Strom and J. S. Lewis 201 
  • Atmospheric Water on Mars:  Energy Estimates for Extraction(AAS 90-296) (Abstract), Thomas R. Meyer, Lisa Brown and Jon Tarantino  204 
  • Isentropic Processing for In Situ Propellant Production on Mars (AAS 90-298) (Abstract), Douglas Jones 205 
  • The Artesian Well:  Piping Martian Volatiles to the Inner Solar System (AAS 90-299) (Abstract), Alastair J. W. Mayer 206 
Chapter 5.  Habitability and Life Support  207 
  • Implanting Life on Mars as a Long Term Goal for Mars Exploration (AAS 90-312), Christopher P. McKay and Robert H. Haynes 209 
  • Biomass Production Model for a Bioregenerative Life Support System (AAS 90-278), R. J. Bula, R. C. Morrow and M. Mankamyer 217 
  • The Key to Humans on Mars:  Simulation on Earth of Closed Ecological Systems for Long-Duration Habitats (AAS 90-280), J. F. Redor, C. J. Savage, R. A. Binot and M. Novara 225 
  • The Biosphere 2 Project:  Applications for Space Exploration and Mars Settlement (AAS 90-281), Taber MacCallum, Mark Nelson, John P. Allen, Linda Leigh, Abigail Alling, Norberto Alverez-Romo 249 
  • Plant-Rated Greenhouses (AAS 90-257), Bruce A. Mackenzie and David C. Dunand 273 
  • Photovoltaic Power System Operation on Mars (AAS 90-247), Geoffrey A. Landis and Joseph Appelbaum 281 
  • A Remotely Deployable Martian Habitat (AAS 90-258), Gary S. Brierley, D. Bryan Neely and Mark T. Newkirk 295 
  • A New Mass Spectrometer System for Life Support in Long-Term Space Environments (AAS 90-270) (Abstract), Al Micco, Bruce Dietrich and George Swanson 301 
  • Design of Exercise Counter-Measures for Life Support in Long Term Space Environments (AAS 90-271) (Abstract), George D. Swanson 302 
  • Space Suits And Life Support Systems for the Exploration of Mars (AAS 90-272) (Abstract), Lawrence Kuznetz 303 
  • Astronaut Radiation Safety Evaluated for Nuclear Earth-Mars Vehicles (AAS 90-274) (Abstract), Steven M. Stevenson and Alan J. Willoughby 304 
  • Workload and Biomechanics for Extravehicular Activity (EVA):  Simulated Martian Environment Study (AAS 90-276) (Abstract), Dava J. Newman 305 
  • Implications of Manned Interplanetary Travel (AAS 90-277) (Abstract), Thomas M. Ciesla 306 
Chapter 6.  Mars Base and Infrastructure  307 
  • Constructing a Mars Base - Mars Habitation 2057 Concept (AAS 90-251), Yoji Ishikawa, Takaya Ohkita and  Yoji Amemiya  309 
  • A Conceptual Design for an Interface Between Habitable Volumes and Life Support Facilities (AAS 90-279), Brent Helleckson 321 
  • Omnidirectional Platform for Unstructured Surfaces (AAS 90-254), James W. Brazell and W. M. Williams, Jr. 333 
  • Simulation of Martian Materials and Resources Exploitation on a Variable Gravity Research Facility (AAS 90-300), François Spiero and David C. Dunand 347 
  • Biophysical Research Modules and Biosphere Mars Missions (AAS 90-237), P. A. Hansson 361 
  • Habitability Design Issues for Partial Gravity Environments (AAS 90-250) (Abstract), John A. Ciciora 369 
  • The Mars Program from a Japanese Perspective (AAS 90-253) (Abstract), Michio Shimizu 370 
  • Base Construction on Mars (AAS 90-255) (Abstract), J. E. Dailey, W. L. Alexander and B. M. Cordell  373 
  • Sizing of a Magma Electrolysis LLOX Plant to Support Mars Missions (AAS 90-301) (Abstract), E. McCullough and J. M. Kehrbaum 375 
  • Rotating Processing Plant (Phobos or Deimos) (AAS 90-304) (Abstract), R. D. Waldron 376 
  • High-Resolution Color Analysis of the Martian Surface (AAS 90-306) (Abstract), E. Hauber, H. Hoffmann, M. Rauch and G. Neukum  378 
Chapter 7.  Mars Habitability and Analogs 379 
  • Mare Chronium:  A Short History of Martian Timekeeping (AAS 90-287), Thomas Gangale 381 
  • One Thousand Days Non-Stop at Sea:  Lessons for a Mission to Mars (AAS 90-266), W. Reid Stowe and Albert A. Harrison 395 
  • Young People and Rationales for Human Mars Missions (AAS 90-314), Bruce Cordell and Joan Miller 407 
  • A Space-Age Game (AAS 90-319), Richard Norman 421 
  • An Antarctic Research Outpost as a Model for Planetary Exploration (AAS 90-260) (Abstract), D. T. Andersen, R. A. Wharton, C. P. McKay and J. D. Rummel 425 
  • Advanced Systems Development for the Space Exploration Initiative (AAS 90-261) (Abstract), D. A. Petri and B. Roberts 426 
  • The Role of Planetary Antarctic Analogs in Support of the Space Exploration Initiative (AAS 90-262) (Abstract), Corinne M. Buoni 427 
  • Enabling Human Exploration of Space Through the Utilization of Analog Environments (AAS 90-263) (Abstract), Karen K. Gaiser and Frank M. Sulzman 428 
  • Simulators for Lunar and Martian Exploration (CETEC) (AAS 90-264) (Abstract), Raymond S. Leonard, Peter A. Hart, Gerald G. Leigh, Steven D. Howe and Stewart W. Johnson 429 
  • Field-Testing the Future:  An Anthropological Approach to Space Analogues (AAS 90-265) (Abstract), James J. Funaro 432 
  • Habitability Considerations for Human Expeditions to Mars (AAS 90-267) (Abstract), Yvonne A. Clearwater 433 
  • Psychological and Multicultural Factors in the Planning of an International Mission to Mars (AAS 90-268) (Abstract), Patricia A. Santy, Albert W. Holland and Anne L. Looper 435 
  • The Martian Embassy:  A Prototype Martian Settlement (AAS 90-269) (Abstract), Scott G. Beach 436 
  • The Wizards of Mars: Politics and the Prospects for the Colonization of Mars (AAS 90-282) (Abstract), Robert Michael Beattie, Jr. 437 
  • Mission to Mars:  A National Endeavor for Science Education (AAS 90-283) (Abstract), William L. Buckingham 438 
  • Mars Program, Mars Mission, Mars Base:  Problems in Administration (AAS 90-284) (Abstract), Nathan C. Goldman 439 
  • The Lessons of Varsovian's Reconnaissance (AAS 90-285) (Abstract), D. J. Bents 440 
  • Education Initiatives (AAS 90-286) (Abstract), Philip A. Turek 441 
  • Layman's Knowledge of Evolution of Universe (AAS 90-288) (Abstract), Himankush Saha 442 
  • Publications of the American Astronautical Society 445 
  • Numerical Index 461 
  • Author Index 470 
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Volume 86, AAS Science and Technology Series
  • Page 
  • Fellow Traveler - Poem and Book Dedication to Thomas O. Paine iv 
  • Foreword vii 
  • Prologue.  Steps to Mars, Daniel S. Goldin xi 
  • Chapter 1.  Why Should Humans Explore Space? (AAS 95-471), Lawrence G. Lemke 3 
  • Chapter 2. The Significance of the Martian Frontier (AAS 95-472), Robert M. Zubrin 13 
  • Chapter 3. The Millennium Project (AAS 95-473), Harrison H. Schmitt 27 
  • Chapter 4. Mars: The Media... the Masses... and the Message (AAS 95-474), Leonard David 41 
  • Chapter 5. Strategic Communications Planning and the Case for Mars (AAS 95-475), Frank White 51 
  • Chapter 6. Managing the Exploration of the Moon and Mars (AAS 95-476), Michael D. Griffin 59 
  • Chapter 7. Mars Mission Concepts: The von Braun Era (AAS 95-477), Frederick I. Ordway III 69 
  • Chapter 8. Pathways to Mars: An Overview of Flight Profiles and Staging Options for Mars Missions (AAS 95-478), John C. Niehoff and Stephen J. Hoffman 99 
  • Chapter 9. Mars Mission Designs: Comparing the Near Term Options (AAS 95-479), Malcolm A. LeCompt and Julie P. Stets 127 
  • Chapter 10. Artificial Gravity: Design Implications for Mars Vehicles (AAS 95-480), Lawrence G. Lemke 153 
  • Chapter 11. Nuclear Rockets: High-Performance Propulsion for Mars (AAS 95-481), Clayton W. Watson 167 
  • Chapter 12. Nuclear Electric Propulsion for Human Mars Missions (AAS 95-482), Ernst Stuhlinger 193 
  • Chapter 13. Biomedical Issues in the Exploration of Mars (AAS 95-483), Rosalind A. Grymes, Charles E. Wade and Joan Vernikos 225 
  • Chapter 14.  The Human Side of Mars Flight: A Review of Human Factors Issues (AAS 95-484), Mary M. Connors and Albert A. Harrison 241 
  • Chapter 15. From the Great Voyages of Exploration to Missions to Mars (AAS 95-485), Ben Finny 267 
  • Chapter 16. The Interplanetary Radiation Environment and Methods to Shield from it (AAS 95-486), Lawrence W. Townsend and John W. Wilson 283 
  • Chapter 17.  Moving in on Mars: The Hitchhiker's Guide to Martian Life Support (AAS 95-487), Penelope J. Boston 327 
  • Living in Space:  Results from Biosphere 2's Initial Closure, an Early Testbed for Closed Ecological Systems on Mars (AAS 95-488), Mark Nelson and William F. Dempster 363 
  • Chapter 19. Using the Resources of Mars for Human Settlement (AAS 95-489), Thomas R. Meyer and Christopher P. McKay 393 
  • Chapter 20. Mars Rovers (AAS 95-490), Benton C. Clark 445 
  • Chapter 21. First Mars Outpost Habitation Strategy (AAS 95-491), Marc M. Cohen 465 
  • Chapter 22. Scientific Objectives of Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 95-492), Michael H. Carr 515 
  • Chapter 23. Science Strategy for Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 95-493), Carol R. Stoker 537 
  • Chapter 24. The Cost of Sending Humans to Mars (AAS 95-494), Humbolt C. Mandell, Jr. 563 
  • Chapter 25. Mars Colonization: Technically Feasible, Affordable, and a Universal Human Drive (AAS 95-495), Thomas O. Paine 579 
  • Chapter 26. Beyond Mars... Into the Universe at Large (AAS 95-496), Leonard David 595 

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Volume 75, AAS Science and Technology Series - Technical
  • Page 
  • FOREWORD, Carol Stoker vii 
Chapter 1:  Social Perspectives
  • The Social Implications of Manned Missions to Mars:  A Beginning Framework for Analysis (AAS 87-226), Jefferson S. Hofgard 3 
  • NASA'S Goals and Long Range Plan (AAS 87-227), Philip E. Culbertson 7 
Chapter 2:  Mars - Strategies for Education 11 
  • Mars is Ours:  Strategies for a Manned Mission to Mars (AAS 87-228), Tiina O'Neil, Daniel Thurs, Michael Narlock, Shawn Laatsch 13 
  • Manned Mars Mission Student Designs at the University of Texas at Austin (AAS 87-229), Curt Bilby, George Botbyl, Wallace Fowler 29 
Chapter 3:  Economic Issues 43 
  • The Development of Space:  The Economic Case for Mars (AAS 87-230), Dana Richard Rotegard 45 
  • The Economics of a Manned Mars Mission (AAS 87-231), Raymond S. Leonard, James D. Blacic, David T. Vaniman 59 
Chapter 4:  Issues for Sending Humans to Mars 85 
  • The Case for Cellulose Production on Mars (AAS 87-232), Tyler Volk, John D. Rummel 87 
  • Space Station Accommodation of Life Sciences in Support of a Manned Mars Mission (AAS 87-233), Barry D. Meredith, Kelli F. Willshire, Jane A. Hagaman, Rhea M. Seddon 95 
  • A Diagnostic and Environmental Monitoring System (DEMS) Concept to Support Manned Mars in-Flight and Surface Operations (AAS 87-234), Corinne M. Buoni, Mark S. Kotur, Dr. Larry S. Miller, Benjamin Bartilson 107 
  • A Zero-G CELSS/Recreation Facility for an Earth/Mars Crew Shuttle (AAS 87-235), Alice Eichold 129 
Chapter 5:  Biomedical Factors 139 
  • Exercise Strategies and Assessment of Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Space (AAS 87-236), George D. Swanson 141 
  • Work on Human Adaptation to Long-Term Space Flight in the UK (AAS 87-237), P. A. Hansson 151 
  • Astronaut Interdisciplinary and Medical/Dental Training for Manned Mars Missions (AAS 87-238), Harold E. Filbert, Donald J. Kleier 161 
  • Automation of Fitness Management for Extended Space Missions (AAS 87-239), Ted D. Wade, Philip G. Smaldone, Richard G. May 171 
Chapter 6:  Human Factors 189 
  • Individual Differences, Mission Parameters, and Spaceflight Environment Habitability (AAS 87-240), Albert A. Harrison, Nancy J. Struthers, Bernard J. Putz 191 
  • Anthropologists as Culture Designers for Offworld Colonies (AAS 87-241), James J. Funaro 201 
  • Considerations for the Living Areas within Space Settlements (AAS 87-242), Joel Hagen 217 

Chapter 7:  Precursor Missions 225 

  • Mars Rover/Sample Return Mission Definition (AAS 87-243), Alan L. Friedlander 227 
  • Mars Rover Options (AAS 87-244), Donna Shirley Pivirotto, Donald Bickler 235 
  • Energy Storage Considerations for a Robotic Mars Surface Sampler (AAS 87-245), Patricia M. O'Donnell, Robert L. Cataldo, Olga D. Gonzalez-Sanabria 245 
Chapter 8:  Scientific Goals of Mars Exploration 253 
  • The Equatorial Mars Observer:  A Proposal for a Near-Areo-Stationary Mars Orbiter (AAS 87-246), Edwin L. Strickland III 255 
  • Trace Gases in the Atmosphere of Mars:  An Indicator of Microbial Life (AAS 87-247), Joel S. Levine, Curtis P. Rinsland, William L. Chameides, Penelope J. Boston, Wesley R. Cofer III, Peter Brimblecombe 277 
Chapter 9:  Mission Strategy   283 
  • Mars Mission Effects on Space Station Evolution (AAS 87-248), Barbara S. Askins, Stephen G. Cook 285 
  • Mars Mission and Program Analysis (AAS 87-249), Edward E. Montgomery, James C. Pearson, Jr. 293 
  • Mars Mission Profile Options and Opportunities (AAS 87-250), Archie C. Young 311 
  • Modeling and Simulation of Advanced Space Systems (AAS 87-251), Curt Bilby, Stewart Nozette 323 
  • Computer Support for Mars Missions (AAS 87-252), Ned Chapin 337 

Chapter 10:  Transportation Systems and Space Logistics 347 

  • The Advanced Launch System (ALS) (AAS 87-253), Charles H. Eldred 349 
  • Vehicle Condition Monitoring for a Human Mission to Mars:  Issues and Needs (AAS 87-254), Alan E. Tischer, Lisa A. McCauley 355 
  • NEP Freighter - A Point Design (AAS 87-255), Paul G. Phillips 373 
Chapter 11:  Advanced Propulsion 385 
  • High Performance Nuclear Propulsion (AAS 87-256), Ryan K. Haaland, G. Allen Beale, Andrew S. Martin 387 
  • Laser Propulsion and Possible Missions to Mars (AAS 87-257), Jordin T. Kare 397 
  • Fast Missions to Mars (AAS 87-258), Michael Pelizzari 407 
  • Applicability of Plasma Wakefield Acceleration to Electric Propulsion (AAS 87-259), William Peter, Rhon Keinigs 423 
  • Nuclear-Electric Propulsion:  Manned Mars Propulsion Options (AAS 87-260), Bryan Palaszewski, John Brophy, David King 431 
Chapter 12:  Mars Resource Utilization   453 
  • Manned Mars Missions and Extraterrestrial Resource Engineering Test and Evaluation (AAS 87-261), Stewart W. Johnson, Raymond S. Leonard 455 
  • A Get Started Approach for Resource Processing (AAS 87-262), Bob Giudici 469 
  • Design of a Mars Oxygen Processor (AAS 87-263), Robert L. Ash, Joseph A. Werne, Merry Beth Haywood 479 
  • A Carbon Dioxide Powered Rocket for Use on Mars (AAS 87-264), Donald R. Pettit 489 
  • Nuclear Rockets Using Indigenous Martian Propellants (AAS 87-265), Robert M. Zubrin 495 
  • Feasibility of Using Solar Power on Mars:  Effects of Dust Storms on Incident Solar Radiation (AAS 87-266), Scott Geels, John B. Miller, Benton C. Clark 505 
Chapter 13:  Mars Base  517 
  • Using Robots to Support and Assist Human Explorers on the Surface of Mars (AAS 87-267), Ronald D. Jones 519 
  • An Evolutionary Communications Scenario for Mars Exploration (AAS 87-268), Steven M. Stevenson 527 
  • Metric Time for Mars (AAS 87-269), Bruce A. Mackenzie 539 
Chapter 14:  Mobility on Mars 545 
  • The Mars Airplane Revived  - Global Mars Surface Surveys (AAS 87-270), B. W. Augenstein 547 
  • Mars Manned Transportation Vehicle (AAS 87-271), Marla E. Perez-Davis, Karl A. Faymon 557 
  • The Mars Ball:  A Prototype Martian Rover (AAS 87-272), Daniel M. Janes 569 
  • Space Policy Marketing Workshop (AAS 87-273), Carol Stoker 577 
  • From the Classroom to Mars:  A Giant Leap for Students - Education Workshop (AAS 87-274), Carolyn Collins Petersen, Jesco von Puttkamer 581 
  • Workshop on International Cooperation (AAS 87-275), Michael A. G. Michaud 585 
  • Mission Strategy Workshop Summary (AAS 87-276), James R. French 589 
  • The Phobos/Deimos Mission Workshop:  A Summary (AAS 87-277), Bruce M. Cordell 601 
  • Applications of Military and SDI Technology to Mars (AAS 87-278), S. Pete Worden 605 
  • Advanced Propulsion Workshop Summary (AAS 87-279), Steven D. Howe 607 
Publications of the American Astronautical Society 612 
Science and Technology Series (1964- ) 613 


Numerical Index 619 
Author Index 626 
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Volume 74, AAS Science and Technology Series General Interest and Overview


FOREWORD, Carol R. Stoker vii 

  • A Strategy for Mars:  The Case for Mars III -- Keynote Address, (AAS 87-175), James C. Fletcher 3 
  • The Case for Mars III -- Opening Remarks (AAS 87-176), Buzz Aldrin 13 
  • Decisions on Space Initiatives (AAS 87-177), Radford Byerly, Jr. 19 
  • Making Decisions on Major Space Initiatives (AAS 87-178), Peter B. Perkins, Jr. 27 
  • Strategic Communications Planning and The Case for Mars (AAS 87-179), Frank White 35 
  • How Space Enthusiasts View Mars Exploration (AAS 87-180), Robert L. Staehle 43 
  • The Case Against Mars (AAS 87-181), Gregg Easterbrook 49 
  • A Mandate for Space Education (AAS 87-182), Jesco von Puttkamer 57 
  • Mars Base Design Projects at the University of Wisconsin (AAS 87-183), Ronald E. Thomson 73 
  • Financing a Mars Program (AAS 87-184), Chandler C. Smith 83 
  • Let's go to Mars - With our Friends and Allies (AAS 87-185), Michael A.G. Michaud 109 
  • Policy Options for International Mars Exploration (AAS 87-186), Nathan C. Goldman 123 
  • Technology Transfer Aspects of Going to Mars (AAS 87-187), Brenda Forman 129 
  • Life Support System Considerations and Characteristics for a Manned Mars Mission (AAS 87-188), Ferolyn T. Powell 135 
  • An Overview of Selected Biomedical Aspects of Mars Missions (AAS 87-189), John Billingham 157 
  • Artificial Gravity for Long Duration Spaceflight (AAS 87-190), Malcolm M. Cohen 171 
  • Habitability During Long-Duration Space Missions:  Key Issues Associated With a Mission to Mars (AAS 87-191), Jack Stuster 181 
  • Crew Selection for a Mars Explorer Mission (AAS 87-192), Benton C. Clark 193 
  • Human Aspects of Mission Safety (AAS 87-193), Mary M. Connors 205 
  • Antarctica as a Model for the Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 87-194), Lawrence A. Palinkas  215 
  • Mars Rover Sample Return Mission Study (AAS 87-195), Roger D. Bourke 231 
  • An Aeronomy Mission to Investigate the Entry and Orbiter Environment of Mars (AAS 87-196), Larry H. Brace 245 
  • Planetary Protection and Back Contamination Control for a Mars Rover Sample Return Mission (AAS 87-197), John D. Rummel 259 
  • Scientific Objectives of Human Exploration of Mars (AAS 87-198), Michael H. Carr 267 
  • The Role of Climate Studies in the Future Exploration of Mars (AAS 87-199), Richard W. Zurek and Daniel J. McClease 277 
  • Life Sciences Interests in Mars Missions (AAS 87-200), John D. Rummel and Lynn D. Griffiths 287 
  • Manned Mars Systems Study (AAS 87-201), Benton C. Clark 297 
  • Piloted Sprint Missions to Mars (AAS 87-202), John C. Niehoff and Stephen J. Hoffman 309 
  • A Manned Mars Artificial Gravity Vehicle (AAS 87-203), David N. Schultz, Charles C. Rupp, Gregory A. Hajos and John M. Butler, Jr. 325 
  • Mars 1999:  A Concept for Low Cost Near-Term Human Exploration and Propellant Processing on Phobos and Deimos (AAS 87-204), Brian O'Leary 353 
  • Earth Orbital Preparations for Mars Expeditions (AAS 87-205), Robert L. Staehle 373 
  • Technology for Manned Mars Flight (AAS 87-206), Barney B. Roberts 399 
  • Mars Landing and Launch Requirements and a Possible Approach (AAS 87-207), James R. French 413 
  • Heavy Lift Vehicles for Transportation to a Low Earth Orbit Space Station for Assembly of a Humans to Mars Mission (AAS 87-208), Frank E. Swalley 421 
  • Propulsion System Considerations/Approach for Fast Transfer to Mars (AAS 87-209), Paul A. Harris and Frank J. Perry 433 
  • Nuclear Propulsion - A Vital Technology for the Exploration of Mars and the Planets Beyond (AAS 87-210), Stanley K. Borowski 451 
  • Antiproton-Based Propulsion Concepts and the Potential Impact on a Manned Mars Mission (AAS 87-211), Steven D. Howe and John D. Metzger 495 
  • Applications of In-Situ Carbon Monoxide Oxygen Propellent Production at Mars (AAS 87-212), W. Mitchell Clapp and Michael P. Scardera 513 
  • Duricrete and Composites Construction on Mars (AAS 87-213), Robert C. Boyd, Patrick S. Thompson and Benton C. Clark 539 
  • The Hydrogen Peroxide Economy on Mars (AAS 87-214), Benton C. Clark and Donald R. Pettit 551 
  • Mars Soil - A Sterile Regolith or a Medium for Plant Growth? (AAS 87-215), Amos Banin 559 
  • Building Mars Habitats Using Local Materials (AAS 87-216), Bruce A. Mackenzie 575 
  • The Use of Inflatable Habitation on the Moon and Mars (AAS 87-217), Michael Roberts 587 
  • Fire Protection for a Martian Colony (AAS 87-218), Robert M. Beattie, Jr. 595 
  • Tool and Equipment Requirements for Human Habitation of Mars (AAS 87-219), Michael G. Thornton 607 
  • An Overview of Mars Surface Mobility Justification and Options (AAS 87-220), James R. French 619 
  • Balloon-Borne Characterization of the Martian Surface and Lower Atmosphere (AAS 87-221), R.J. LeVesque, G.E. WIlliams and F.J. Redd 633 
  • Mars Global Exploration Vehicle (AAS 87-222), J. Mark McCann, Mark J. Snaufer and Robert J. Svenson 647 
  • Power Considerations for an Early Manned Mars Mission Utilizing the Space Station (AAS 87-223), Martin E. Valgora 667 
  • The SP-100 Space Reactor as a Power Source for Mars Exploration Missions (AAS 87-224), Lon Isenberg and Jack A. Heller 681 
  • Laser Power Transmission Concepts for Martian Applications (AAS 87-225), R.J. DeYoung, E.J. Conway, W.E. Meador and D.H. Humes 697 
  • Publications of the American Astronautical Society 710 
  • Science and Technology Series (1964- ) 711 
  • Numerical Index 717 
  • Author Index 724 
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Volume 62, AAS Science and Technology Series
  • IN MEMORIAM - Phil Quattrone ii 
  • RESONANCE, Helene Knox viii 
  • FOREWORD, Louis Friedman ix 
  • A Timeline for Martian Pioneers (AAS 84-150), Thomas O. Paine 3 
  • A Millennium Project: Mars 2000 (AAS 84-151), Harrison H. Schmitt 23 
  • Political Acceptability of Mars Exploration: Post-1981 Observations (AAS 84-152), Leonard David 35 
  • The Civilian Space Program: A Washington Perspective (AAS 84-153), Randolph H. Ware, Philip P. Chandler 49 
  • The Mars Base: International Cooperation (AAS 84-154), Nathan C. Goldman 65 
  • Russians to Mars? (AAS 84-155), James E. Oberg 73 
  • Antarctica: Lessons for a Mars Exploration Program (AAS 84-156), Christopher P. McKay 79 
  • Design of a Mars Film Mapper Probe (MS 84-157), W. Mitchell Clapp 91 
  • Scientific Objectives for a 1996 Mars Sample Return Mission (AAS 84-158), Douglas P. Blanchard, James L. Gooding, Uel S. Clanton 99 
  • A Mars Sample Return Mission Using a Rover (AAS 84-159), J. P. de Vries, H. N. Norton 121 
  • Space Station - The First Step (AAS 84-160), Humboldt C. Mandell, Jr. 157 
  • Beyond the Space Station (AAS 84-161), Jesco von Puttkamer 171 
  • Lunar Base: A Stepping Stone to Mars (AAS 84-162), Michael B. Duke, Wendell W. Mendell, Barney B. Roberts 207 
  • The Ph-D Project in Perspective (AAS 84-163), S. Fred Singer 221 
  • Phobos and Deimos as Resource and Exploration Centers (AAS 84-164), Brian O'Leary 225 
  • The Case for Phobos (AAS 84-165), Saul J. Adelman, Benjamin Adelman 245 
  • Scientific Program for a Mars Base (AAS 84-166), C. R. Stoker, J. M. Moore, R. L. Grossman, P. J. Boston 255 
  • Critical Life Science Issues for a Mars Base (AAS 84-167), Penelope J. Boston 287 
  • Martian Meteorology and Dust Storms (AAS 84-168), James E. Tillman 333 
  • Mission Strategy and Spacecraft Design for a Mars Base Program (AAS 84-169), Steven Welch 345 
  • Concepts for the Early Realization of a Manned Mission to Mars (AAS 84-170), Stephen J. Hoffman, John K. Soldner 377 
  • Analysis of Delivery Capabilities and Costs to Low Mars Orbits Applying Current Technology Launch/Retro Propulsion Systems (AAS 84-171), James R. Stuart, Randall E. Coffey 391 
  • Rapid Delivery of Small Payloads to Mars (AAS 84-172), T. R. Meyer, C. P. McKay, P. M. McKenna, W. R. Pryor 419 
  • Transportation Modes for Manned Mars Missions (AAS 84-173), Gordon R. Woodcock, Timothy J. Vinopal 433 
  • Tethers for Mars Space Operations (AAS 84-174), Paul A. Penzo 445 
  • Advanced Spacesuit Glove Design (AAS 84-175), W. Mitchell Clapp 469 
  • Dirigible Airships for Martian Surface Exploration (AAS 84-176), W. Mitchell Clapp 489 
  • Power Requirements for the Conquest of Mars (AAS 84-177), Joseph A. Angelo, Jr., David Buden 497 
  • The Impact of Martian Propellant Manufacturing on Early Manned Exploration (AAS 84-178), James R. French 519 
  • The H-Atom Resource on Mars (AAS 84-179), Benton C. Clark 527 
  • The Retrieval, Storage, and Recycling of Water for a Manned Base on Mars (AAS 84-180), Douglas Jones, C. Flint Webb, Michael R. LaPointe, Helen M. Hart, Amy Larson 537 
  • Water Supply for a Manned Mars Base (AAS 84-181), W. Mitchell Clapp 557 
  • Utilizing the Permafrost on Mars (AAS 84-182), Loren Phillips 567 
  • Extraction of Water from the Mars Atmosphere: Passive Constriction of Wind Flow (AAS 84-183), Helen M. Hart 605 
  • Mass-Balance Model for a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (AAS 84-184), Thomas R. Caudill 611 
  • A Preliminary Assessment of Martian Natural Resource Potential (AAS 84-185), Bruce M. Cordell 627 
  • Psychological and Interpersonal Adaptation to Mars Missions (AAS 84-186), Albert A. Harrison, Mary M. Connors 643 
  • Countermeasures for the Effects of Prolonged Weightlessness (AAS 84-187), Daniel Woodard 655 
  • Psychological Considerations in Long-Duration Space Missions: An Overview (AAS 84-188), Victoria M. Littlefield 665 
  • Death in Space (AAS 84-189), Robert M. Beattie, Jr. 681 
  • Candidate Rover/Returned Sample Landing Sites for Mars (AAS 84-190) (Abstract), Harold Masursky 697 
  • Mars Geoscience/Climatology Orbiter: The Next Mars Mission (AAS 84-191) (Abstract), R. Todd Clancy 698 
  • Water on Mars: Geological and Geochemical Evidence (AAS 84-192) (Abstract), Steven W. Squyres 699 
  • Biomedical Considerations in Long-Duration Space Flights (AAS 84-193) (Abstract), Joseph C. Sharp 700 
  • An Orbital Quarantine Facility for Analysis of Returned Samples (AAS 84-194) (Abstract), John R. Bagby 701 
  • Economic Analysis of Mars Exploration (AAS 84-195) (Abstract), Jack Kirwan 702 
  • Who is Going to Pay for It? (AAS 84-196) (Abstract), Kerry Mark Joels 703 
  • Comparison of Propulsion Systems for Earth to Mars Transit (AAS 84-197) (Abstract), Lynnette DeBell 704 
  • The USAF Getaway Special Centrifuge: A Simulator for Space Station and Planetary Surface Gravity Environments (AAS 84-198) (Abstract), Harold S. Rhoads 705 
  • Publications of the American Astronautical Society 707 
  • The Case for Mars I Conference 711 
  • Numerical Index 711 
  • Author Index 714 
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Volume 57, AAS Science and Technology Series
  • Page 
  • IN MEMORIAM - TIM MUTCH, Helene Knox viii 
  • THE GRASS ROOTS OF THE MARS CONFERENCE (AAS 81-225), Alcestis R. Oberg ix 
  • CONFERENCE SUMMARY (AAS 81-226), Organizing Committee xiii 
  • The Humanation of Mars (AAS 81-227), Leonard W. David 3 
  • Why Mars? (AAS 81-228), Christopher P. McKay, Carol R. Stoker 19 
  • The Viking Fund: A Mandate from the People (AAS 81-229), Stan Kent 29 
  • New Approaches to Space Exploration (AAS 81-230), Malcolm LeCompte 35 
  • The PH-D Proposal: A Manned Mission to Phobos and Deimos (AAS 81-231), S. Fred Singer 39 
  • Report on the Results of the Mission Strategy Workshop of the Case for Mars Conference (AAS 81-232), J. R. French 67 
  • Manned Mars Mission Landing and Departure Systems (AAS 81-233), Douglas B. Cross, Aubrey J. Butts 75 
  • Solar Electric Propulsion Stage as a Mars Exploration Tool (AAS 81-234), Stan Kent 83 
  • An Expedition to Mars Employing Shuttle-Era Systems, Solar Sails and Aerocapture (AAS 81-235), Robert L. Staehle 91 
  • The External Tank Scenario: Utilization of the Shuttle External Tank for Earth to Mars Transit (AAS 81-236), Thomas C. Taylor 
  • Extended Mission Life Support Systems (AAS 81-237), P. D. Quattrone 131 
  • Ecological Problems and Extended Life Support on the Martian Surface (AAS 81-238), Bassett Maguire, Jr. 163 
  • The Medical Aspects of a Flight to Mars (AAS 81-239), Daniel Woodard, Alcestis R. Oberg 173 
  • Modifications of Conventional Medical-Surgical Techniques for Use in Null Gravity (AAS 81-240), Robert M. Beattie, Jr. 181 
  • Life Support Workshop Summary (AAS 81-241), Penelope J. Boston 185 
  • Manned Exploration of Mars: The Role of Science (AAS 81-242), James A. Cutts 191 
  • Chemistry of the Martian Surface: Resources for the Manned Exploration of Mars (AAS 81-243), Benton C. Clark 197 
  • The Atmosphere of Mars - Resources for the Exploration and Settlement of Mars (AAS 81-244), Thomas R. Meyer, Christopher P. McKay 209 
  • Surface Sampling Systems (AAS 81-245), Donald S. Crouch 233 
  • Aerobraking and Aerocapture for Mars Missions (AAS 81-246), J. R. French 245 
  • The View from Earth or the Care and Feeding of the Space Program (AAS 81-247), Rad Byerly 253 
  • Legal and Political Implications of Colonizing Mars (AAS 81-248), Nathan C. Goldman 257 
  • Man to Mars Manifesto (AAS 81-249), James E. Oberg 263 
  • A Retrospective Look at the Soviet Union's Efforts to Explore Mars (AAS 81-250), Saunders B. Kramer 269
  • The Cost of Landing Man on Mars (AAS 81-251), Humboldt C. Mandell, Jr. 281 
  • Should Human Colonization of Mars Be the Next Major Goal of the Space Program? A Panel Discussion (AAS 81-252), Louis Friedman, Moderator 293 
  • Appendix A: Ballistic Opportunities to Mars (AAS 81-253), Gerry Snyder 299 
  • Appendix B: A Short Guide to Mars (AAS 81-254), C. P. McKay 303 
  • Appendix C: The Future of Mars: A Hypothetical Chronology (AAS 81-255), Alcestis and James Oberg 311 
  • List of Participants 315 
  • Numerical Index 319 
  • Author Index 321 
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Volume 71, AAS Science and Technology Series
  • Welcoming and Keynote Addresses 
  • Mars Exploration Based on Leadership and Success 
  • Opening Comments and "Viking Replay"(1) - by Conference Chairman, Dr. Geoffrey A. Briggs  
  • Page 
  • Welcome and Keynote Title Page 1 
  • Welcome sad Introduction, Burton I. Edelson 3 
  • Keynote Address, James C. Fletcher 9 
  • Title Page and Speaker Profiles, Session 1 17 
  • The History of Mars, John S. Lewis 23 
  • The Geology of Mars, Laurence A. Soderblom 43 
  • The Volcanism of Mars, Michael H. Carr 55 
  • The Channels of Mars, Victor R. Baker 75 
  • The Moons of Mars, Joseph Veverka 93 
  • The Atmosphere of Mars, Michael B. McElroy 121 
  • The Meteorology of Mars, Conway Leovy 133 
  • The Water and Other Volatiles of Mars, Fraser P. Fanale 157 
  • The Biological Question of Mars, Norman H. Horowitz 177 
  • A Reappraisal of Life on Mars, Gilbert V. Levin 187 
  • Title Page and Speaker Profiles, Session 2 211 
  • The 1988-89 Soviet Phobos Mission, James W. Head 215 
  • Mars Observer: Mission Description, William I. Purdy 243 
  • Mars Observer: Science, Arden L Albee 259 
  • Mars Aeronorny, Donald M. Hunten 281 
  • Mars Sample Return: Mission, James R. French, Jr. 303 
  • Mars Sample Return: Science, Douglas P. Blanchard 325 
  • Mars Ball: Inflatable-Sectored-Tire Rover Concept, Douglas A. Hilton 351 
  • Title Page and Speaker Profiles, Session 3 369 
  • Why Humans Should Explore Mars, Michael B. Duke 375 
  • The Engineering Aspects of Human Exploration 
  • Pathways to Mars: New Opportunities, John C. Niehoff 381 
  • Scenarios for Early Manned Missions, William C. Snoddy 405 
  • Transportation System for Routine Visits, Barney B. Roberts 433 
  • Key Technologies for Expeditions to Mars, James R. French, Jr. 457 
  • The Human Dimension of Mars Exploration 
  • Human Factors for Mars Missions, Arnauld E. Nicogossian 475 
  • Mars Mission Life Support Systems, Penelope J. Boston 487 
  • Living and Working on Mars, Christopher P. McKay 511 
  • Overview: Report of the National Commission on Space, Thomas O. Paine 525

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Volume 15, Advances in the Astronautical Sciences) 
Temporarily Not Available


  • Intent to Explore (Welcome Address and Statement of Symposium Objectives) - by William C. Purdy 1
  • Mars - A Target for Advanced Propulsion - by Harold B. Finger 6 
  • Insuring the National Space Program - by Eugene M. Zuckert 20 
  • The Ecological Profile of Mars: Bioastronautical Aspect - by Hubertus Strughold 30 
  • Influence of Martian Ephemeris and Constants on Interplanetary Trajectories - by Robert M. L. Baker, Jr. 47 
  • Role of Large Thrust Nuclear Power in Mars Flight - by  Keith Boyer 64 
  • Electric Propulsion Systems for Mars Missions - by W. E, Moeckel 79 
  • NOVA Launch Vehicle Design Studies - by Andrew Kalitinsky 107 
  • Launch Facility Requirements for Mars/NOVA Vehicle - by Howard Keyser 132 
  • Data for Vehicle Design for Earth Orbit to Mars Orbit and Return - by Harry O. Ruppe 151 
  • Vehicle Design for Mars Landing and Return to Mars Orbit - by David M. Hammock and Bruce G. Jackson 174 
  • Research in the Entry Problems of Interplanetary Exploration - by Peter H. Rose 195 
  • A Systems Approach to Vehicle Design for Earth Re-entry from an Interplanetary Mission - by Franklin P. Dixon and Leonard D. Stimpson 217 
  • Guidance Phenomena for a Mars Mission - by John V. Breakwell, Lars F. Helgostam, and Martin A. Krop 252 
  • Human Requirements for the Mars Mission - by Eugene B. Konecci and A. James Shiner 277 
  • Fully Regenerative Life Support Systems for Mars Missions - by Robert D Gafford 287
  • Psychological Aspects of Extended Manned Space Flight - by Julien M. Christensen 308 
  • Some Metabolic Aspects of Extended Space Flight - by Donald R. Young 347 
  • Instrumentation Aspects of the Mars Mission - by Walter Victor, Robert Titsworth, and Eberhardt Rechtin 373 
  • Nonconventional Communication Devices for the Mars Mission? - by Keeve M. Siegel and Murray H. Miller 389 
  • Use of Radar Techniques to Select a Martian Landing Site - by Keeve M. Siegel 396 
  • Power Supply Aspects of the Mars Mission - by Ralph Balent and J. R. Wetch 404 
  • The History of the Concepts about Mars - by Willy Ley 435 
  • Preliminary Design of Mars Basing - by Percy H. Bliss and Bruce W. Hall 446 
  • Use of Extraterrestrial Resources for Mars Basing - by Ernst Steinhoff 468 
  • Vehicle Design for Exploration of Mars - by A. M. Lippisch 501 
  • Optical Studies of the Surface and Atmosphere of Mars - by G. de Vaucouleurs 519 
  • A Theoretical Study of the Martian Ionosphere - by R. B. Norton 533 
  • Evidence of the Existence of Life on Mars - by William M. Sinton 543 
  • Some Remarks on the Color of Mars - by Clyde Tombaugh 552 
  • Cartographic Exploration of Mars - by Robert W. Carder 554 
  • Biological Exploration of Mars - by Carl Sagan 571 
  • Astrophysical Experiments for Mars Mission - by Gordon J. F. MacDonald 582 
  • Remarks on the Meteorology of Mars - by Seymour L. Hess 596 
  • Panel Discussion - Symposium Synopsis: The When and What of the Mars Trip - Moderator: Walter Orr Roberts; Panelists: W. H. Clohessy, A. G. W. Cameron, Jack Kraft, Maxwell W. Hunter, II, and Clyde Tombaugh 599 

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